Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as just Diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. The normal fasting blood sugar is 80-120 mg/dL, this can go up to a level of 160 mg/dL two hours after meals. Symptoms often include frequent urination, increased thirst and increased appetite. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many health complications.
People who have diabetes are at increased risk for many serious health problems, including hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and heart problems, eye problems that can lead to blindness, kidney problems, circulation and nerve problems.
Diabetes is treated with diet and lifestyle changes and with medications (such as insulin or oral medications). If blood sugar levels are kept within the recommended range, the risk for many complications from diabetes decreases.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes: When you have type 1 diabetes, your body produces very little or no insulin, People who have this kind of diabetes need to depend on artificial insulin for their body to function well.
Type 2 Diabetes: When you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make good use of the insulin that it produces. This is the commonest diabetes kind and is known to be linked with obesity.
Gestational Diabetes: It is a condition in which your blood sugar levels become high during pregnancy. It affects pregnant women who haven’t ever been diagnosed with diabetes.
Prediabetes: Prediabetes is when your blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes almost always had Prediabetes first. But it doesn’t usually cause symptoms.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes are:
- Increased thirst
- Increased hunger
- Frequent urination (often at night)
- Unexplained Weight Loss
- Blurred vision
- Slow-healing sores
- Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections
Home Remedies for Diabetes
Here are 10 effective home remedies for diabetes mellitus:
- It is recommended to soak 2 teaspoon of the seeds in water overnight. In the morning, you can drink the water along with the seeds on an empty stomach.
- Alternatively, one can consume fenugreek seed powder with milk or even hot/cold water
- This will help bring down your glucose levels. Do not use if pregnant
Ground Bay Leaf and Turmeric
- Mix 1/2 teaspoon of ground bay leaf and 1/2 teaspoon turmeric in 1 tablespoon aloe vera gel.
- Take the mixture twice a day before lunch and dinner. Bay leaves help to regulate glucose in diabetic patient along with lowering total cholesterol and triglycerides.
- Take two to three Indian gooseberries, remove the seeds and grind it into a fine paste.
- Put the paste in a cloth and squeeze out the juice.
- Mix two tablespoon of the juice in one cup of water and drink it daily on an empty stomach.
Bitter Gourd (Karela)
- Drink some bitter gourd juice on an empty stomach each morning.
- First remove the seeds of two to three bitter gourds and use a juicer to extract the juice.
- Add some water and then drink it.
- Follow this treatment daily in the morning for at least two months.
- Mix one-half to one teaspoon of cinnamon in a cup of warm water. Drink it daily.
- Another option is to boil two to four cinnamon sticks in one cup of water and allow it to steep for 20 minutes. Drink this solution daily until you see improvement.
- One can sun-dry mango leaves and grind them to powder. The powder can be consumed with water twice a day for better results.
- You can also boil the mango leaves in water and consume the water in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Mix together one-half teaspoon each of ground bay leaves and turmeric and one tablespoon of aloe vera gel.
- Consume it twice daily, before lunch and dinner.
Java Plum (Jamun)
- The seeds of Jambul fruit should be dried and powdered. Take one teaspoon of this powder mixed in one cup of milk or water or half a cup of curd twice daily.
- Make a concoction of fenugreek powder, jamun seed powder, neem powder and karela powder, all in equal proportions.
- Consume about 1 teaspoon of this mix, half an hour before lunch and dinner along with water.
Have one teaspoon of powdered Gurmar leaves along with water half an hour after lunch and dinner. Gurmar is an Ayurvedic herb which is known to regulate the absorption of carbohydrates in the body. The word Gurmar literally means the ‘sugar destroyer’ as it helps in maintaining healthy blood sugar levels in the body.
Do’s for Diabetes
- Exercise regularly to maintain optimal blood sugar levels. Exercise helps reduce weight and lowers blood sugar and also improves insulin sensitivity. Research suggests, 15 minute walk immediately after each meal is far more effective than exercise at other times at reducing blood sugar levels.
- Eat plenty of vegetables, beans, nuts, seeds, and whole grains.
- Include oat bran as part of a healthy diet. It’s high in the soluble fiber beta-glucan and also shown to reduce blood sugar levels.
- Add 1-2 grounded flaxseed to your diet on daily basis. To get the maximum benefits do not expose flaxseeds to too much heat.
- Drink eight to ten glasses of pure water daily.
- Eat meals & snacks at the same time every day or as close to the same time as possible. Do not go without eating for more than three hours.
- Use stevia or xylitol as a sweetener which are healthier choices and are safe for diabetics.
- Take extra care of feet, gums, and teeth to prevent problems that may develop because of high blood sugar.
- Have regular medical checkups to monitor the disease and adjust treatment as needed.
- Wear medical identification at all times so that, in case of emergency, health professionals can see that they have diabetes.
Don’ts for Diabetes
- Avoid eating simple sugars, including junk foods like sweets, cookies, and carbonated drinks which contribute to blood sugar instability.
- Avoid fatty food, alcohol, and spicy food.
- Do not go for longer than three hours without eating.
- Do not walk bare feet. Decreased sensations can result in injury.
When to See a Doctor
- Have increased urination, increased thirst, weight loss, and possibly increased appetite. These symptoms may indicate type 1 diabetes.
Call emergency services immediately if: A person is losing consciousness or becomes unconscious and you notice that his or her breath has a fruity odor. He or she may have the life-threatening chemical imbalance diabetic ketoacidosis.
The information provided in this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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