Gout is a form of arthritis which is characterized by severe pain, redness, tenderness, and discomfort, often in the toes, ankles, and knees. Gout usually affects the large joint of the big toe, but symptoms can occur in your feet, ankles, knees, and elbows. It mostly affects men after 40 years, however, it triggers in women post-menopause.
Gout is caused by the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the body which affects the joints. Uric acid is a substance which is formed when the body breaks down Purines, it is a vital element for DNA synthesis, circulation, digestion and absorption of nutrients. The blood transports the uric acid to the kidney and stamps it out in urine. When the kidneys cannot eliminate the excess uric acid, it gets deposited in the body causing gout, also called hyperuricemia.
Stages of Gout
Gout is categorized into four stages:
Asymptomatic Hyperuricemia: In this stage blood uric acids is elevated without any other symptoms.
Acute Gout: In this stage, uric acid starts to build up in the joints resulting in swelling, pain and tenderness. In most cases, gout attack starts at night and prolongs for 3-10 days.
Interval Gout: This stage is in between the acute gout attacks when the patient does not show any symptoms.
Chronic Gout: With the accumulation of uric acid for the prolonged duration it results in permanent damage to the joints associated with intense pain.
Timing of treatment is important in gout. The speed of recovery is often related to how long after the attack, therapy is started. For example, if a patient begins treatment within an hour of its onset, the attack can often be resolved within a day or two. If the treatment starts after a week of gout, however, it may take longer to resolve.
Symptoms of Gout
Some of the most common symptoms associated with gout include:
- Severe pain in affected joint
- Joint discomfort
- Redness and swelling in joints, often the big toe
- Affected joints become Tender, warm and red
- Penetrating joint pain which causes inflammation
- Limited joint movement as gout progresses
- Attacks can come suddenly, often at night
Home Remedies for Gout
Below are a few home remedies to get relief from gout naturally:
Consume 10 to 15 fresh cherries daily. Cherries are considered an effective home remedy for gout and have been associated with lower levels of uric acid as well as cherries have powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which lower the risk of gout attack.
An apple a day does keep the doctor away! Take one apple after each meal. Malic acid in apple helps reduce uric acid in the body. It also aids with swelling and pain reduction from gout and hence is one of the most excellent homely remedies to get relief from gout naturally.
Lemon juice is proven by studies that have an amazing natural remedy for curing gout. Ample amounts of vitamin C and antioxidants in lemons reduce inflammation, breakdown the uric acid deposits in the blood by increasing the pH of urine and helps in clearing out uric acid. All you have to do is consume lemon juice 2 times in a day to ease gout pain.
Apple Cider Vinegar
One of the simplest home remedies for pain and swelling is using apple cider vinegar since it is acidic in nature and breaks down the uric acid deposits. Mix one teaspoon apple cider vinegar with equal amount of organic honey and take two times a day in the initial few days for fast recovery.
You can treat the affected joint with a bit of cold therapy to temporarily relieve the symptoms of a gout attack. It may help lower inflammation and soothe the ache. Apply ice packs or cold compresses on the affected joint for 15 to 20 minutes several times a day, only if the pain isn’t too bad.
Fenugreek is a highly valued spice used extensively in traditional medicine for treating several health woes. Potent anti-inflammatory effects of fenugreek aid in lessening internal and external inflammation of the body and eases joint pain. Soak one teaspoon of fenugreek seed in a cup of water overnight and have that water in the morning on an empty stomach. This works wonder in reducing the swelling and pain in the joints.
Castor oil helps in improving blood circulation and breaking down the toxic deposit of uric acid that alleviates pain and redness. Apply warm castor oil and massage it on the affected regions to lessen inflammation and pain.
Garlic is an incredible herb for curing gout. It aids in eliminating excess uric acid from the system and reduces inflammation. Crush 1-2 clove of garlic and then consume it to get respite from joint pain.
The powerful anti-inflammatory effects of ginger reduce inflammation, swelling and lower the blood uric acid levels and confer respite to gout attacks. Cut a small piece of ginger. Boil it in one cup of water for 10 minutes. Strain and drink this tea two or three times a day until you get relief.
Carom Seeds (Ajwain)
Carom seeds help to flush out toxins and uric acid from the body. Boil 1 teaspoon carom seeds in a cup of water and drink this concoction twice daily to alleviate joint pain and swelling.
The plethora of nutrients present in celery seed such as iron, manganese, calcium and other bioactive compounds support in curing gout. Luteolin, 3-n-butylphthalide and beta-selinene notable plant compound in celery reduce uric acid levels in the blood and lower inflammatory nitric oxide production which aggravates gout attack. Add celery seeds in the diet in the form of juice, extracts or seeds.
Drink regular and decaffeinated coffee. Coffee is been associated with lower levels of uric acid in studies.
Carrot juice in combination with the juices of beet and cucumber is especially valuable. Beet juice-100ml and cucumber juice-100ml should be mixed with 300ml of carrot juice to make 500ml of combined juice and taken daily.
Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) can neutralize stomach acid, so its consumption will increase the alkalinity of your blood and lower the amount of uric acid. Mix ½ teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water until dissolved completely, and drink this solution two to three times per day for gout relief.
Do’s for Gout
- Drink plenty of water to flush out the uric acid. Urate crystals may collect in the urinary tract of people with gout, causing kidney stones.
- Eat more vegetables and fruits which are rich in vitamin C, especially oranges. Supplements containing vitamin C may reduce the levels of uric acid in blood.
- Take a low-fat dairy product which is the best-bet protein sources and may actually have a protective effect against gout.
- Limit alcohol intake, as alcohol decreases the excretion of uric acid and also increases its production. Try to eliminate beer completely from diet if at all possible.
- Exercise regularly and keep your weight under control. The body produces more uric acid if you are overweight.
- Treat high blood pressure and chronic conditions such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and heart and kidney diseases promptly.
- Elevate the affected joint which may help lessen swelling.
- Try meditation and relaxation techniques, such as deep-breathing exercises which may help take your mind off from pain.
- Take rest during gout attack otherwise it can prolong the attack.
Don’ts for Gout
- Do not take foods which have very high purine content such as such as steak, seafood, and organ meats such as liver, brains, and kidneys.
- Avoid drinks sweetened with fruit sugar which promotes higher levels of uric acid, which increases your risk of gout.
- Avoid fasting or rapid weight loss, since doing so may temporarily raise uric acid levels.
When to See a Doctor
- If have a fever and a joint is hot and inflamed, which can be a sign of infection.
Pain is becoming worse and develops new symptoms. Gout that goes untreated can lead to joint damage.
The information provided in this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
If you found this article informative, take a moment to share it with your friends and family.
Stay healthy stay strong and get the best out of life.
Thanks for reading!