Kidney stone a small, hard deposit that forms inside the kidneys and is often painful when passing through the urinary tract, Kidney stones are made of mineral and acid salts. Kidney stones are variants in size. Some are small as a grain whereas others are big and block the flow of urine, which causes the kidney to swell and pain.
Smaller stones stay in the kidney, and do not cause any problems, but when stones travel down in the ureter (a tube between kidneys and bladder). If the stone reaches the bladder, it can be passed out of the body in urine. If the stone becomes lodged in the ureter, it blocks the flow of urine and cause complications or sometime may need surgery.
Types of Kidney Stones
Types of kidney stone help to determine the cause and help to reduce the risk of kidney stone in future.
Calcium stones (Approx 80%): There are two types of calcium stones: calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. Some people have too much calcium in their urine, raising their risk of calcium stones.
Uric acid stones (Approx 5-10%): Uric acid stones are seen in people who do not drink enough water and who eat high protein diet and those who is suffering with obesity, chronic diarrhea, type 2 diabetes, and gout.
Struvite/Infection stones (Approx 10%): Struvite stones are not a common type of stone. These stones are related to chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs).
Cystine stones (Approx 1%): Cystine stones are formed in people who excrete too mush amino acids. Cystine stones often start to form in childhood.
Often people do not even realize they have kidney stones until they have an X-ray or ultrasound for another medical reason.
Kidney Stones Symptoms
Common symptoms of kidney stones include a sharp, cramping pain in the back and side. This feeling often moves to the lower abdomen or groin. The pain often starts suddenly and comes in waves. It can come and go as the body tries to get rid of the stone.
Other signs of a kidney stone include:
- A feeling of intense need to urinate.
- Frequent urination or burning sensation in urination.
- Urine that is dark or red due to blood.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- For men, you may feel pain at the tip of the penis.
Home Remedies for Kidney Stones
- Drink lot of water and make sure water contains proper TDS level. Drinking plenty of fluids is important for preventing recurrence of any kidney stone. Or
- Drink four ounces of lemon juice in two liters of water daily to prevent future stone formation.
Lemon Juice and Olive Oil:
- Take four tablespoons or a quarter cup of fresh lemon juice.
- Add an equal amount of olive oil.
- Drink this mixture followed by plenty of water.
- Do this two to three times a day, up to three days. You need not continue this remedy if you pass the stones in a single dose.
Apple Cider Vinegar:
- Mix two tablespoons of organic apple cider vinegar and one teaspoon of honey in one cup of warm water.
- Drink this a few times a day.
- Try to eat one whole pomegranate or drink one glass of freshly squeezed pomegranate juice daily. You can mix pomegranate in a fruit salad also. Or
- Take one tablespoon fine paste of pomegranate seeds in one cup of horse gram soup. Drink this soup regularly to dissolve the stones in the kidneys.
- Boil 10-12 basil leaves in one cup of water for 15 minutes.
- Mix one teaspoon of honey in it and take twice a day
- Take it daily in the morning for five to six months.
- Basil acts as a detoxifier and a mild diuretic which helps to reduce the uric acid level in the body. Acetic acid and certain components in basil also facilitate dissolution of the stones.
- Remove the beans from inside the pods, and then put the beans in hot water.
- Simmer the water on low flame for hours until the beans become soft and tender.
- Strain the liquid and allow it to cool. Strain the liquid again.
- Drink it several times throughout the day to relieve kidney stone pain.
- This liquid should not be kept for more than 24 hours, as it will lose its therapeutic properties.
- Eat celery regularly to reduce stone formation in patients prone to produce kidney stones. It acts as a diuretic and kidney tonic.
- Boil 1-2 figs in 1 cup of water for 15-20 minutes and have this twice a day.
- Drink dandelion tea on a regular basis. Dandelion is a natural diuretic that stimulates urine flow and flushes the urinary tract. It helps prevent kidney and bladder stones formation by washing out the urinary system.
Do’s for Kidney Stones
- Modify lifestyle depending on the kind of kidney stone develops to prevent recurrence.
- Drink at least 3-4 liters of water a day to help keep the proper dilution and flow of urine.
- Take high fiber diet. Vegetarian diet help prevent the formation of kidney stones.
- Include fresh vegetables, legumes, and whole grains in your diet.
- Eat foods that are good for kidneys such as chives, plums, tangerines, and egg yolk.
- If you do eat meat, opt for lean cuts. Meat protein has higher sulfur content and produces more acid than vegetable protein.
- Keep your weight in check. Weight gain has been linked to an increased risk of kidney stones.
- Eat foods that are rich in magnesium such as barley, oats, brown rice, potatoes, and bananas.
- Drink freshly squeezed lemon juice which helps acidify the urine and eases the passage of calcium oxalate stones.
- To get temporary relief from pain, apply a warm or cool compress depending on the response to either temperature.
- Manage stress by practicing deep breathing exercise or meditation because of an association between stress and kidney stones.
Don’ts for Kidney Stones
- Avoid carbonated beverages as these been associated with the development of stones due to its phosphates content.
- Avoid high protein diet, particularly animal protein. Protein increases uric acid, calcium, and oxalate levels in the urine, and reduces citrate levels.
- Avoid the foods high in oxalate such as beets, chocolate, tea, caffeine, spinach, soy, and parsley. Oxalate combines with calcium to form a salt that causes kidney stones.
- Avoid grapefruit as it is linked to the formation of kidney stones.
- Avoid processed foods, too much of salt and fat in your diet. Salt increases the amount of calcium and oxalate in urine.
- Avoid antacids that contain aluminum which contribute to kidney stone formation.
- Avoid alcohol and other alcoholic beverages as they contain pureness, which may increase the risk for the less common uric acid stones in susceptible people.
When to See a Doctor
If you are unable to pass your stone within 6 weeks or you begin experiencing severe symptoms that include severe pain, blood in your urine and fever or chills.
You should see a doctor immediately if:
- History of kidney failure.
- Sufferer is pregnant.
- Have only one kidney.
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